TEFAF 2020
Mar 5
Mar 15, 2020
MECC, Maastricht, Netherlands

An exceptional lotus mandala attributed to the Atelier of Zanabazar will be amongst the extraordinary works of art on offer at Rossi & Rossi’s stand at this year’s edition of TEFAF Maastricht. The Mongolian bronze sculpture will be exhibited alongside sculpture, bronzes, paintings and textiles from China, India, Mongolia, Nepal and Tibet and can be found at stand 162 of the fair.

This exceptional sculpture represents the pinnacle of Mongolian bronze sculptural production. The lotus mandala is a three-dimensional representation of a deity, in this case, Chakrasamvara and his consort Vajravarahi, and retinue figures inside a lotus blossom. This stunning example features an ingenious mechanism that allows the petals surrounding the central deity to open and close. Exceedingly rare, it is only one of two similarly engineered lotus mandalas known to have emerged from Khalkha Mongolia.

It is the engineering and design of this lotus mandala that make this sculpture truly extraordinary. The lotus stem takes the form of an eight-sided cylinder surrounded by a ring that is decorated with the eight auspicious symbols, each positioned directly below a petal. The ring is connected to the petals via a central rod that is hidden within the lotus stem. Moving the ring up pushes the petals up, causing them to fall open. A delicate balance between the weight of the petals and the weight of the ring keeps the petals from closing on their own. Pushing the ring back down towards the base draws the petals closed.

The sculpture is attributed to the Atelier of Zanabazar, which is named after one of the most revered religious leaders and artists of Mongolia, Jebtsundamba Khutuktu Zanabazar (1635–1723). Distinguished in the realms of politics, literature, the arts and engineering, Zanabazar travelled to Tibet in 1649 where he studied medieval Nepalese and East Indian images housed in monasteries. On his return to Mongolia in 1651, Zanabazar established an atelier which created stunning bronze sculptures with a unique and recognisable flair that has become synonymous with his aesthetic. Zanabazar’s sculptures present a synthesis of ancient aesthetics. With Zanabazar’s innovation, image-making of this period reached a peak in its artistic level.

The wide, leafy petals with scalloped edges at the base of the globe are characteristic of Mongolian works produced during Zanabazar’s lifetime. The tiny beading along the foot of the circular base also is characteristic of Mongolian works of this period. Known to have been a gifted engineer, it is possible Zanabazar himself had a hand in the creation of this precision-made work.

Two Naga
10th century
India, Kashmir
37 x 29 cm (14 ½ x 11 ½ in)
Chakrasamvara Mandala
Atelier of Zanabazar, mid 17th - early 18th century
Gilt copper alloy with pigment
32 cm (12 ½ in)
Chagan Sambhar-a
Late 17th-early 18th century
Gilt copper alloy with painted details
24 cm (9 ½ in)
Shiva Sukhasanamurti
Chola dynasty, 11th century
India, Southern region, Tanjore
53.3 cm (21 in)
Seated Bodhisattva
Pala period, ca. 9th century
Copper alloy
9 cm (3 ½ in)
Scenes from the Life of Milarepa
18th century
Tibet, Eastern region
Pigment and gold on cotton
107.5 x 63.5 cm (42 ¼ x 25 in)
A Pair of Door Bosses
Ca. 16th-17th century
Iron with gold, silver and copper
Diameter 29 cm (11 in)